Clubfoot, also known as congenital talipes equinovarus, is a complex congenital foot deformity that, if left untreated, can limit a person’s mobility by making walking difficult and painful. It is defined as a deformity characterized by complex misalignment of the foot involving soft and bony structures in the hindfoot, midfoot, and forefoot. The deformity affects the structure and position of the foot, presenting as an addict and cavus (an inward turn) of the midfoot and a varus rear foot. In the subtalar joint, the foot is held in a fixed equinus or in a downward-pointing position. The foot affected by clubfoot is shorter and the circumference of the calf is smaller than that of a normal, unaffected foot. At presentation, clubfoot deformity cannot be passively corrected and presents with varying degrees of rigidity.

Clubfoot can occur in one or both feet, and 50% of cases are bilateral. It affects men more often than women, with reported ratios ranging from 1.6: 1 to 3: 1. It is one of the most common serious birth defects affecting the foot. Most of the time it is an isolated anomaly, but sometimes it is associated with other congenital malformations or syndrom